6 Things You Need to Know About Cataracts - BVA Advanced Eye Care

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6 Things You Need to Know About Cataracts - BVA Advanced Eye Care

6 Things you need to know about Cataracts  

Over the last 20 years, cataract surgery has evolved to be one of the safest and most reliable methods to restore vision. The advancements in medical technology now allow new and improved options for patients needing cataract surgery. 

BVA Advanced Eye Care has been correcting vision for over 20 years. Cataract surgery is a very common surgery, and there are different lens implant options to fit each patient's needs.

1. What are cataracts?

The human eye is much like a camera. The natural lens inside our eye focuses images onto the back of the eye so we can see clearly. Our natural lens is clear, but as we age it yellows, and can even become cloudy. Clouding of the lens is the condition called cataracts. Cataracts is a result of a natural aging process and can cause vision to blur. 

Cataracts can only be cured through surgery; there is no other treatment for cataracts. Using a larger prescription of glasses will help in the early stages of cataracts, however, this is only a "band-aid" to the problem. It is very unlikely the improvements from the glasses will last.


2. About the Surgery 

Surgery is performed in a fully-accredited outpatient surgery center. Patients will not need to stay at the surgery center for more than a couple of hours. Prior to surgery, patients are given a relaxant; patients do not need anesthesia. A patient will not see nor feel any part of the surgery.

You will need to have someone drive you home after the surgery, and we would recommend having a responsible adult accompany you a few hours after the surgery.

3. Traditional vs Laser Assisted 

When deciding to undergo surgery for cataract, there are two options: traditional or laser guided cataract surgery. Laser guided surgery is considered an upgrade, and thus insurances will require out-of-pocket charges. However, the laser-assisted cataract surgery procedure is more predictable and precise in three areas:

  • More precise incisions. Creating easier access to the cataract lens.
  • The laser softens the cataract which will minimize the need for ultrasound energy during surgery.
  • The laser offers more precise and predictable astigmatism correction by re-sculpting an irregular corneal surface.

For patients that want cataract surgery performed with the precision and accuracy of a laser, BVA is proud to offer the CATALYS precision laser system. We will also be happy to discuss a flexible payment plan you can take advantage of!

4. Making a Lens Choice

lens implant

Through a micro-incision, the cataract is dissolved. The cataract is then replaced with a foldable lens implant through the original micro-incision. There are different types of lens you can choose from, and all have their advantages and disadvantages. 

Monofocal Lens

A monofocal lens implant provides excellent vision after cataract surgery-but only at one set distance-usually for seeing things at a distance, you will likely still need glasses for any type of near vision activity-for example reading, sewing, keeping your golf score, or fine detail work. Full-time glasses, however, may still be needed for patients whose prescriptions are more complex.

Multifocal IOL

A multifocal IOL has concentric rings with each ring focusing on either near or distance vision. Unlike bifocal classes, one must look through the top for distance, and bottom for near, your brain will adapt to the multifocal rings and focus automatically. However, this does take time - your vision will improve gradually over the first year. The rings can cause a glow around lights at night. This is not in all patients, but patients who have noticed poor night vision feel this effect is minor. 

Accommodating IOL

This lens actually moves with the eye. Through training your eye, you are able to change the lens power to focus both near and far. The only accommodating lens is the Crystalens. Accommodating lens is great for people who want distance vision and intermediate vision. Although, some patients do still need glasses for very close vision. 

5. Cataract Surgery is a 1 Time Fix

Once you receive a lens replacement, your cataracts cannot "come back." It is possible, however unlikely, for the lens to cloud up, but if that happens a simple laser treatment will clean the lens. 

Cataract lens implants are required by the FDA to last 100 years!  

6. Communicate with Your Doctor

This is the most important thing you need to know about cataract surgery. It is very important to speak with your doctor to go over your options as a patient. Each patient eyes are unique and may require a certain type of lens. 

Here at BVA Advanced Eye Care, we have 3 optometrists on staff alongside with 3 ophthalmologists. We are happy to schedule a free consultation with you!

Feel free to contact us through our website, or give us a call - 1-888-323-3937