If a cornea is damaged, the light that enters the eye is distorted causing the image you see to be blurry. A cornea may become damaged in several ways, including, but not limited to: injury, disease, infection or previous eye surgery.
Sometimes damage to a cornea is mild enough that it may be repaired to restore the person’s vision. If the cornea cannot be healed naturally, then often your ophthalmologist will recommend a corneal transplant.
A transplant often becomes necessary when a particular organ / tissue becomes damaged beyond repair. In these cases, the damaged area is replaced with healthy donor organ / tissue.
Corneal transplantation is the most successful transplant procedure performed worldwide. This is largely due to the fact that corneal tissue does not have to be “matched” between donor and recipient. In other words, any healthy cornea may be donated to any individual with good chances for success. Donor tissue is stored and ordered from an Eye Bank. Vision can be greatly improved if the procedure is successful and healing occurs without problems.
When your cornea is damaged, light passes through the cornea can distort and change your vision. Corneal surgery can correct many problems including:
Just before the cornea transplant, eye drop will be put into your eyes, and you may be given medicine to help you relax.
Your surgeon will use anesthesia. Anesthesia will cause you to not feel any pain, and even though your eyes will be open during surgery the anesthesia will cause you to see very little or nothing at all. Due to the anesthesia, you will be monitored until you are able to drive home safely.
Once the surgery is complete, the surgeon will tape a shield over your eyes, and explain how to take care of your eye until it is fully recovered.
Recovery Time You may wear an eye patch 1 to 4 days after will be sensitive to sunlight, and sore for a few days.
You will have a follow-up appointment with your doctor to check your eyes. the doctor will examine your stitches, and how your eyes are healing.
Organ rejection is a problem for about 30% of patients who undergo corneal transplant. Organ rejection is when the body's immune system rejects the new tissue.
Signs of organ rejection
If organ rejection is spotted early, an ophthalmologist may be able to stop the rejection through medication.
Here at BVA Advanced Eye Care we are on a mission of creating better vision ahead.
One of our ophthalmologists - Dr. Brad Taylor is a fellowship-trained corneal sub-specialist and is active in donor awareness programs and is one of the most respected transplantation specialists in Oklahoma.